July 4, 2020
Vaccines and nutrition for HIV

From the article: "Why do we need an HIV vaccine? HIV remains a dangerous pandemic. The number of new infections remains high – about 1.7 million new cases every year. Young people, particularly young women, account for a large portion of the new infections. Scientists have made progress in developing HIV prevention tools in recent years. But marginalised groups – such as adolescent girls and young women, and men who have sex with men – can’t always access these tools easily. A vaccine that prevents HIV infection will provide long-lasting protection and alleviate the need for prevention methods. It is critical to stopping the spread of HIV in areas where the use of current prevention tools is complicated by social, economic and political concerns. Simply put, we won’t be able to end the AIDS epidemic without a vaccine."

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From the article: "People with HIV have higher energy needs than those of people without HIV. And the World Health Organisation recommends that antiretroviral medications be taken with food to avoid possible side effects such as headaches and stomach problems, which can lead to weakness and weight loss. HIV infection has a complex relationship with nutrition. Because of the importance of good nutrition in the management of HIV, we aimed to develop and test a nutrition education programme for adults living with HIV in the Nigerian context. We wanted to evaluate their knowledge of nutrition, their actual diets and the effect on their bodies – in short, the programme’s impact on their health and quality of life. We found that the education programme helped people to choose healthy foods and this improved their physical well-being. This experience could contribute to other education programmes aimed at supporting people with HIV to have a better quality of life."